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Business in Bulgaria: Country and People

Here you will get to know more about the administrative structure, the population as well as geographic data of Bulgaria...

Short overview

Bulgaria was founded in the year 681. The christianisation followed shortly after during the reign of Boris I. (852-889). In 1018 became the land of the Byzantine emperor Basileios II ("Bulgarentöter") and was part of the Byzantine empire up to 1186. The independency was regain under the dynasty of the Asen (to 1258). From 1396 to 1878 belonged Bulgaria then to the osmanischen empire. Under Alexander I the Berlin congress created the Furstentum (1879-1886). As his successor followed the prince Ferdinand from Sachsen-Coburg Gotha in 1887. The government was led from 2001-2005 by his grandson, Simeon II. The liberal-democratic party named after him ("national movement Simeon II.") gained at the last parliamentary elections in June, 2005 the second place with 53 representatives in the 240-seater parliament. The biggest faction with 82 representatives is the Bulgarian socialist party (BSP). Third-placed party with 34 representatives was the movement for rights and freedom (DPS) dominated by ethnic Turks. With a total of 169 voices of these three parties the parliament in Sofia approved on 16.08.2005 the central left government which is led by the head of socialists Sergei Stanishev (Prime Minister).

Since 2004 Bulgaria is a member of NATO and since the 1st January 2007 a member of the EU.

General administrative structure

Conventional short form: Bulgaria
Conventional long form: Republic of Bulgaria
Total area (km²):* 110.910 km²
Population:* 7,186,893 (July 2015 est.)
Capital: Sofia
Government type:* parliamentary democracy
Chief of state:* President Rosen Plevneliev (since 22 January 2012)
Head of government:*) Prime Minister Boyko Borissov (since 27 July 2009)
Administrative districts: 28 provinces (Oblasti - singular: Oblast)
Official language: Bulgarian
Currency (code): Bulgarian lev (BGN)
Country code: 00359
Country symbol: BG
Internet country code: .bg
National holiday: 3 March (1878)


Age structure (2015 est.):* 0-14 years: 14.53% (male 538,266/female 505,927)
15-24 years: 9.95% (male 373,340/female 341,507)
25-54 years: 43.35% (male 1,598,130/female 1,517,744)
55-64 years: 13.45% (male 451,841/female 514,696
65 years and over: 18.72% (male 547,887/female 797,555)
Median age (2015 est.):* total: 42.1 years
male: 40.2 years
female: 44.2 years
Ethnic groups (2011 est.):* Bulgarian: 83.9%
Turk: 9.4%
Roma: 4.7%
other: 2%
Religions (2011):* Eastern Orthodox 59.4%
Muslim 7.8%
other: 1.7 %
none 3.7%
unspecified 27.4%
Mobile phones:*> 9.9 million (2014)
Internet users:* 4.1 million (2014)

Geographic data

Geographic location: Southeastern Europe, between Romania and Turkey, bordering the Black Sea
Land boundaries: * 1,808 km
Border countries: Greece: 494 km
Macedonia: 148 km
Romania: 608 km
Serbia: 318 km
Turkey: 240 km
Coastline: * 354 km
Natural resources: * bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land
Climate: * temperate climate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers

Sources of information:
CIA World Factbook, updated on November 10th, 2015

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